A case study is a research method that relies on a single case rather than a population or sample. When researchers focus on a single case, they can make detailed observations over a long period of time, something that cannot be done with large samples without costing a lot of money. Case studies are also useful in the early stages of research when the goal is to explore ideas, test, and perfect measurement instruments, and to prepare for a larger study. A case study is unique within the social sciences for its focus of study on a single entity, which can be a person, group or organization, event, action, or situation. Often, when researchers use the case study method, they focus on a case that is exceptional in some way because it is possible to learn a lot about social relationships and social forces when studying those things that deviate from norms.
Meaning: The case study method is a very popular form of qualitative analysis and involves a careful and complete observation of a social unit, be that unit a person, a family, an institution, a cultural group or even the entire community. It is a method of study in depth rather than breadth. The case study places more emphasis on the full analysis of a limited number of events or conditions and their interrelations. The case study deals with the processes that take place and their interrelationship. Thus, case study is essentially an intensive investigation of the particular unit under consideration. The object of the case study method is to locate the factors that account for the behaviour-patterns of the given unit as an integrated totality.
In the social sciences, the term case study refers to both a method of analysis and a specific research design for examining a problem, both of which can be used to generalize findings across populations. This tab focuses on the latter--how to design and organize a research paper that analyzes a specific case. A case study research paper usually examines a single subject of analysis, but case study papers can also be designed as a comparative investigation that shows relationships between two or more subjects.
Case study and experiment, having a definite difference between them, refer to two very different research methods used in various disciplines. These research methods allow the researcher to study and analyze the subject through various approaches. Having a variety of methods in research allows the researcher to gain both qualitative and also quantitative data. He is also able to cross check the data, through which he will be able to assign more validity to the conclusions and overall findings of the research. A case study is a research method in which the researcher explores the subject in depth.
Our plagiarism checker allows you to: Quickly correct and edit your documents, Avoid the hassle of document re-submission and related fees, Download your corrected document with your original layout, style, and formatting Preserved, Online backup of your submitted content, Receive free credits