The Chipko movement or Chipko Andolan is a movement that practised the Gandhian methods of satyagraha and non-violent resistance, through the act of surrounding trees to protect them from being felled. The modern Chipko movement started in the early s in the Garhwal Himalayas ofUttarakhand,Then in Uttar Pradesh with growing awareness towards rapid deforestation. The landmark event in this struggle took place on March 26, , when a group of peasant women in Reni village, Hemwalghati, in Chamoli district, Uttarakhand, India, acted to prevent the cutting of trees and reclaim their traditional forest rights that were threatened by the contractor system of the state Forest Department. Their actions inspired hundreds of such actions at the grassroots level throughout the region.
Chipko movement is a socio-ecological movement that aimed at resisting mass deforestation using Gandhian ways of Non-violent resistance and satyagraha through the act of hugging the trees to guard them against being cut down for commercial purposes. The year marks the 45th anniversary of the Chipko Andolan Movement. T he practice of embracing trees, both literally and figuratively, predate the Chipko movement. The Bishnoi community in Rajasthan were the pioneers in protecting forest resources. The first ever recorded event of Chipko movement that was the precursor to the movement in Garhwal happened in Khejarli village in Jodhpur in AD where many Bishnois protested under the leadership of Amrita Devi Bishnoi and sacrificed their lives to guard the Khejri trees. It provided firewood and even acted as a cash crop. After half a decade of strong protests, the Chipko movement yielded result in , with the government banning the felling of trees in the Himalayan forests of Uttar Pradesh for a period of 15 years.
Chipko movement came into existence in to protect trees from cutting down. After some time, the movement spilled onto the other Northern states of India. The movement also stands for an Eco-feminist movement because women only created the nucleus of this movement. The power of protest through non-violent worked as a powerful agent for the conservation of the forest land. He said to embrace the trees and save them from being felled down because they are the property of our hills.
Home Page Research Chipko Movment. Chipko Movment Words 21 Pages. It is the official language of India, and is used, along with English, for administration of the central government. Standard Hindi is a sanskritised It holds that present ecological problems are rooted in deep-seated social problems, particularly in dominatory hierarchical political and social systems.