This article is intended as an introduction for nurses who want to learn how to appraise scientific articles. Nursing training attempts to help students learn how to use and understand scientific literature, in relation to both examinations and clinical nursing practice. Nursing should be knowledge-based, but knowledge is rapidly changing. Hundreds of new articles presenting new research are published every week, which makes it difficult to form a general impression and to understand the results presented in scientific articles.
The second step of the literature review is to write the actual literature review chapter this is usually the second chapter in a typical dissertation or thesis structure. This chapter should provide a smooth-flowing discussion of what research has already been done, what is known, what is unknown and what is contested in relation to your research topic. The literature review chapter has a few important functions within your dissertation, thesis or research project. By doing this, you are showing that your research topic is original and will help contribute to the body of knowledge.
A literature review or narrative review is a type of review article. A literature review is a scholarly paper that presents the current knowledge including substantive findings as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Literature reviews are secondary sources and do not report new or original experimental work. Most often associated with academic-oriented literature, such reviews are found in academic journals and are not to be confused with book reviews , which may also appear in the same publication.