Metacognition is " cognition about cognition", " thinking about thinking", " knowing about knowing", becoming "aware of one's awareness " and higher-order thinking skills. The term comes from the root word meta , meaning "beyond", or "on top of". Metamemory , defined as knowing about memory and mnemonic strategies, is an especially important form of metacognition. This higher-level cognition was given the label metacognition by American developmental psychologist John H. Flavell The term metacognition literally means 'above cognition', and is used to indicate cognition about cognition, or more informally, thinking about thinking.
Mindfulness versus metacognition, and critical thinking
5 Instructional Design Tips To Enhance Metacognition In eLearning - eLearning Industry
How do children gain a deeper understanding of how they think, feel, and act so that they can improve their learning and develop meaningful relationships? Since antiquity, philosophers have been intrigued with how human beings develop self-awareness -- the ability to examine and understand who we are relative to the world around us. Today, research not only shows that self-awareness evolves during childhood, but also that its development is linked to metacognitive processes of the brain. Most teachers know that if students reflect on how they learn, they become better learners. For example, some students may think and process information best in a quiet library, while others may focus better surrounded by familiar noise or music.
Teaching Critical Thinking: A Metacognitive Approach
They do this by gaining a level of awareness above the subject matter : they also think about the tasks and contexts of different learning situations and themselves as learners in these different contexts. Metacognitive practices help students become aware of their strengths and weaknesses as learners, writers, readers, test-takers, group members, etc. This research suggests that increased metacognitive abilities—to learn specific and correct skills, how to recognize them, and how to practice them—is needed in many contexts. She first describes four assignments for explicit instruction p.
Among the several major approaches to teaching critical thinking skills, the literature seems to favor infusion-teaching thinking skills in the context of subject matter. This approach entails integrating content and skills as equally as possible in order to maintain a balance of the two Willis Thinking skills are reinforced throughout the teaching of the subject and later retained. Research shows that students learn both skills and subject matter if they are taught concurrently Beyer Influence of Modeling Metacognition refers to the knowledge and control people have over their thinking and learning activities Flavell ; it involves "thinking about thinking.