Attendance and chronic absenteeism literature review
A recent report by the U. Absenteeism is not a new concern, however. Educators and local officials were focused on this issue as early as the late 19 th century—a quarter of the juveniles jailed at the Chicago House of Correction in were there for truancy. Brian A. Jacob Walter H.
Chapter 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
Eliminating Chronic Absenteeism
Background: Chronic absenteeism from school is a pervasive problem with complex causes and long-reaching consequences. School refusal has been associated with increased likelihood to engage in criminal behavior, sexual risk behaviors, abuse of illicit substances, and dropout of school entirely. Objective: Based on a review of the available literature, the aim of this paper is to describe the current state of research on school refusal, including the role of adolescent substance use, and to discuss treatments for school refusal, including a comprehensive model developed through a collaboration with the New York City Department of Education. Results: Students who are chronically absent display high rates of psychiatric comorbidities, with anxiety disorders and disruptive behavior disorders being particularly prevalent.
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School attendance is an important foundational competency for children and adolescents, and school absenteeism has been linked to myriad short- and long-term negative consequences, even into adulthood. Many efforts have been made to conceptualize and address this population across various categories and dimensions of functioning and across multiple disciplines, resulting in both a rich literature base and a splintered view regarding this population. This article Part 1 of 2 reviews and critiques key categorical and dimensional approaches to conceptualizing school attendance and school absenteeism, with an eye toward reconciling these approaches Part 2 of 2 to develop a roadmap for preventative and intervention strategies, early warning systems and nimble response, global policy review, dissemination and implementation, and adaptations to future changes in education and technology. This article sets the stage for a discussion of a multidimensional, multi-tiered system of supports pyramid model as a heuristic framework for conceptualizing the manifold aspects of school attendance and school absenteeism. School attendance and successful graduation from high school or its equivalent have long been recognized as crucial foundational competencies for children and adolescents.