By Dr. Saul McLeod , updated Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods e. The case study research method originated in clinical medicine the case history, i.
A case study involves an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a particular case or cases, within a real-world context. Generally, a case study can highlight nearly any individual, group, organization, event, belief system, or action. Case study research has been extensively practiced in both the social and natural sciences. As with other social science methods, no single research design dominates case study research. Case studies can use at least four types of designs. First, there may be a "no theory first" type of case study design, which is closely connected to Kathleen M. Eisenhardt 's methodological work.
Case studies have been used for years by businesses, law and medical schools, physicians on rounds, and artists critiquing work. Like other forms of problem-based learning, case studies can be accessible for every age group, both in one subject and in interdisciplinary work. You can get started with case studies by tackling relatable questions like these with your students:. Addressing questions like these leads students to identify topics they need to learn more about.
There are several different types of case studies, as well as several types of subjects of case studies. We will investigate each type in this article. It is also possible for types of case studies to overlap each other.