The writing system of Thai is the Thai script, which is one of many scripts derived from the ancient Brahmi system of India. It is an abugida, meaning that unlike alphabets such as Greek or Latin, is not written with complete vowels. The 44 consonants of Thai are written in full, while vowels and tones are represented with the use of diacritics which modify the consonant letter. Like other Brahmic scripts, Thai is written from left to right, without distinguishing between upper and lower case, but unlike most others, spaces are not normally included between words, appearing instead at the end of phrases or sentences. During the first millennium CE, China had significant influence in Southeast Asia, and Chinese writing was used to write Thai, but this was eventually abandoned in favor of scripts derived from Brahmi. The invention of the Thai script is traditionally attributed to Ram Khamhaeng, a 13 th -century Thai king who is also credited with establishing Theravada Buddhism as the state religion.
Thai is closely related to Lao, and northern dialects of Thai are more or less mutually intelligible with Lao, particularly the Lao spoken in northern Thailand. Thai vocabulary includes many words from Pali, Sanskrit and Old Khmer. The Thai alphabet was probably derived from, or at least influenced by, the Old Khmer alphabet. The Thai alphabet is used to write Thai, Sanskrit , Pali, and a number of minority languages spoken in Thailand. Many other romanisation systems are used elsewhere. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
Introduction To Thai Writing – Learn Thai Alphabet
This article was originally posted on WomenLearnThai. Learning how to read Thai is often a stumbling block for students of the Thai language. Some students have opted to forgo the pleasure.
It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra—Dai language family , and one of over 60 languages of Thailand. It is a tonal and analytic language , similar to Chinese and Vietnamese. Thai has a complex orthography and system of relational markers. These languages are written with slightly different scripts but are linguistically similar and effectively form a dialect continuum. The Thai language is classified as a Tai language, closely related to other Southwestern Tai languages including Lao, Shan in Myanmar , and numerous indigenous languages spoken in an arc from Hainan and Yunnan south through Laos and Northern Vietnam to the Cambodian border.
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