A ground-breaking study in Bangladesh has found that using data from mobile phone networks to track the movement of people across the country can help predict where outbreaks of diseases such as malaria are likely to occur, enabling health authorities to take preventative measures. Menpaw Mro lifted his young daughter on to his shoulders and began the long journey to the nearest hospital, in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, first on foot, then by boat and finally in a small motorised rickshaw. For several days, he had assumed the fever afflicting six-year-old Rum Rao Mro was not serious and she would soon recover at home, in their village in this remote region of Bangladesh. They never reached the hospital. Rum Rao died on the last leg of the journey. She'd been suffering from severe malaria.
Study: Drug-resistant malaria gaining foothold in Africa | Dhaka Tribune
Malaria is a parasitic infectiontransmitted by the female Anopheles mosquito, infecting humans and insects alternatively. Caused by four Plasmodium species P vivax, P falciparum, P ovale and P malariae , malaria is a public health problem in 90 countries around the world, affecting million people and responsible directly for about one million deaths annually. Bangladesh is considered as one of the malaria endemic countries in South Asia. General symptoms of malaria include headache, nausea, fever, vomiting and flu-like symptoms, however these can vary depending on the species causing the infection. Bangladesh has 34 Anopheles mosquito species. Malaria was nearly eradicated from the country by s but never disappeared in the eastern regions which are associated with tea gardens and forests. It re-emerged as one of the major public health concern in the s and remains so.
Case Study 5. A study in rural West Papua, Indonesia, is planned to determine the safety and prophylactic efficacy of Malarone for prevention of malaria among Indonesian transmigrants. The study will be placebo-controlled, randomized, and double-blinded in three phrases: I a day radical cure with Malarone; II a week administration of Malarone versus placebo; and III a four-week post-prophylaxis follow-up, for a total duration of 27 weeks. Participants will be transmigrants who are at least 12 years old and have been residents of West Papua for three to 20 months.
Metrics details. Substantial global progress in the control of malaria in recent years has led to increased commitment to its potential elimination. Whether this is possible in high transmission areas of sub-Saharan Africa remains unclear. Zanzibar represents a unique case study of such attempt, where modern tools and strategies for malaria treatment and vector control have been deployed since
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